The gum is the tissue at the roots of the teeth and covers the affricate sections of the jaws. It is a very sensitive tissue to both injuries and infection. This therefore implies that any damage that is not taken care of in a timely and proper manner cause lead to chronic effects to not only the gums but also the teeth and the entire jawbone.
The most common term that is used to describe gum infection is periodontitis or simply the periodontal disease. The disease generally affects the gums and its ‘environments’ which include the teeth and the jawbone. It originates from contamination associated with soft deposits that coat the root of the teeth and hence affects the gums.
Once in the gums, the bacteria manifests itself properly causing an infection. The growth of this infection contributes to swelling, pain and over sensitiveness between the jaw and the gums. The reaction of the body to the inflammation is to damage the affected tissues and that is why the gums appear to have faded. If not treated, the infection goes deeper to the gums and could lead to teeth loss. There are variations of periodontal disease:
This is the most common method the disease manifests. It is common with expectant women, people that have diabetes which is not contained, those using steroids and birth control pills and those under medication that is use to control blood pressure.
It is basically caused by the contamination’s that coat the root of the teeth. They only affected the soft tissues of the gums without including the jawbone or the teeth. The most common symptom is swelling of the gums and bleeding when someone is brushing their teeth.
It is gingivitis that has progressed and this time the jawbone and the teeth are affected. It is classified with regard to the extent of the damage. The most visible symptom is widening in the gaps of the teeth, bleeding and damage of the bone.
Aggressive periodontitis is attached to symptoms of gradual loss of the gum and the bone tissues. It is the same as chronic periodontitis but just as the name suggests the manifestation is even faster in this type. It is common with the people who smoke and can also be transmitted genetically.
This type manifests itself as a boil on the gingival tissue at the root of the teeth where it divides and hence logically affects the mechanism in which the tissues and the teeth attach. Common symptoms include loss of teeth and bones and swelling of the gingival pockets.
This is not caused like the rest but are a result of other diseases or medication that is used by a person. The gingival tissues die with this type. It is common with those people who are positive and also the ones that smoke.
All the above methods in which the disease manifests require immediate treatment by a periodontist to stops the infection from affecting the teeth and the jawbone. Common treatment methods would include: improved dental hygiene after professional cleaning, antibiotics in cases where the infection has spread to containable lengths and surgery where the condition has been escalated to levels that cannot be contained by professionals.
Another thing to note is that some of the non-cannabinoid parts of weed can cause gum disease in a similar manner to tobacco. So if you’re into smoking then you should learn how to quit weed, or at least limit your usage.